, Azure, a cross couped argent, inescutcheon Bavaria.. Official Residences: Schloss Nymphenburg, Residenzschloss in Munich, Leuchtenburg Palace, Schloss Wildenwart etc. The Counts of Scheyern left Scheyern Castle (constructed around 940) in 1119 for Wittelsbach Castle and the former was given to monks to establish Scheyern Abbey. It was also far-and-away the most powerful secondary state. The next King, King Ludwig I (1786-1868) only reigned till 1848 when the 1848 revolution forced him to abdicate in favour of his son Maximilian (1811-1864). At this point, tracing the claim becomes impossible as the same branch of the Wittelsbach became heir to both thrones, and a subsequent monarch or pretender should have issued a renunciation to one of the two thrones, which none did. By the end of the Napoleonic wars the parts of the Palatinate that were not split and given to neighboring Baden, was incorporated into the then recently created Kingdom of Bavaria with the Palatinate ruler ruling over the whole Kingdom. Many women in the family are known as Elisabeth of Bavaria. As the Bavarian Royal family follows Salic law the succession will pass to the descendants of Rupprecht’s brother Franz (1875-1957). Children from Maximilian’s 2nd marriage include Elisabeth (1801-1873), wife of King Frederick William IV of Prussia (who left her jewels to her granddaughter Victoria, The Princess Royal, and not to her daughter-in-law); Sophie (1805-1872), mother of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria and Emperor Maximilian of Mexico; Amalie (1801-1877) who was married to King John I of Saxony; and Marie Ludovika (1808-1892) who was the mother of Empress Elisabeth (known as Sissi). Just like his father he was widowed twice and greatly respected by a number of Bavarians. Augusta of Waldeck-Pyrmont (1824 ... born Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, was the wife of King Ludwig I of Bavaria, which is why Bavaria focused so much in her family’s life. En 1648, le fils de Frédéric V recupère une partie des terres paternelles, le titre d'électeur, confisquées en 1623, et la charge d'archi-trésorier du Saint-Empire. From 1549 to 1567 the Wittelsbach owned the County of Kladsko in Bohemia. The next Regent who became King a year later was King Ludwig III (1845-1921) who was married to Archduchess Augusta of Austria (of the Tuscan branch). After Rupprecht died the royal sceptre and crown from the Bavarian State Museum were placed on his coffin. Also since the 19th century the Jacobite rights to the throne of England have been passed to the Wittelsbach family. Some rather speculative theories link them to margrave Henry of Schweinfurt and his father Berthold whose background is also disputed; some guess the Schweinfurters may be descendants of the Luitpolding dynasty, the bavarian dukes of the 10th century. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria, Frederick V, Elector Palatine, King of Bohemia, Stefan, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken, Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld, Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken, Louis V, Margrave of Brandenburg, Duke of Bavaria and Count of Tyrol, Albert I, Duke of Bavaria, Count of Holland and Hainaut, Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut and Holland, Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein, Christopher of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Electoral Palatinate, County Palatine of the Rhine, List of coats of arms with the Palatine Lion, https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=NgKqDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT246&lpg=PT246&dq=sophia+of+hanover+member+house+of+wittelsbach&source=bl&ots=-XbNZr_gp9&sig=ACfU3U210M5PHizJk8_ksM5vyfeak0TYQw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjrh9Xy0PrpAhUXhlwKHekfBlo4ChDoATAIegQIChAB#v=onepage&q=sophia%20of%20hanover%20member%20house%20of%20wittelsbach&f=false, Germany: Bavaria: Heads of State: 1806–1918, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/george_i_king.shtml, "The Succession Laws of the Greek Monarchy", Archived website about the Royal Family of Bavaria, Haus Bayern – Wittelsbacher Ausgleichsfonds, "Genealogy of the House of Wittelsbach from Genealogy.eu", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=House_of_Wittelsbach&oldid=998584186, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from June 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 02:05. Capital: Munich He was one of the first military commanders to realize the necessity of a negotiated peace. Strictly Catholic by upbringing, the Bavarian dukes became leaders of the German Counter-Reformation. The origins of the counts of Scheyern are unclear. The line of Jacobite succession, which recognises the right for a Catholic monarch from the House of Stuart acknowledges Franz, Hereditary Prince of Bavaria to be the rightful heir as "Francis II". Princes of the Palatinate branch served as Bishops of the Empire and also as Elector-Archbishops of Mainz and Elector-Archbishops of Trier. Some of the most important Bavarian castles and palaces that were built by Wittelsbach rulers, or served as seats of ruling branch lines, are the following: Some of the most important castles and palaces of the Palatinate Wittelsbach were: From 1597 to 1794, Bonn was the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and residence of the Archbishops and Prince-electors of Cologne, most of them belonging to the Bavarian branch of the House of Wittelsbach (from 1583 to 1761). In onze geïntegreerde jaarverslagen lees je hoe we daar de afgelopen jaren invulling aan gaven. , Heraldic augmentation for the Count Palatine of the Rhine, a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire: Quarterly 1 and 4 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules, 2 and 3 fusilly bendwise azure and argent, overall gules, an orb or encircled of the same. The former royal family lost countless artworks, palaces, and wealth in the 20th century. (Bavaria, like most of Southern Germany, is Catholic.) Il paraît logique de penser qu'il ajoute l'écu de cette charge sur ses armes. One of the oldest Catholic dynasties in Germany is the Wittelsbachs. (The Austria-Este dynasty ruled Modena in Italy until the Italian unification.) Oct 23, 2015 - The Wittelsbach family is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria. Maria was a descendant of Empress Marie Louise (wife of Napoleon I) through her 2nd marriage to Count Neipperg. With the death of Charles' son Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria the Bavarian branch died out in 1777. The Bavarian Royal Family HRH Max-Emanuel Ludwig Maria, The Duke in Bavaria (~) ... wonder what the deposed royal houses think of the current royal houses and all the scandals and lack of a suitable royal marriages in today society. Quarterly 1 and 4 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules, 2 and 3 fusilly bendwise azure and argent. He was raised at the family home, Schloss Kaltenberg where a beer brewery is also located. The House of Wittelsbach split into these two branches in 1329: Under the Treaty of Pavia, Emperor Louis IV granted the Palatinate including the Bavarian Upper Palatinate to his brother Duke Rudolf's descendants, Rudolf II, Rupert I and Rupert II. Quarterly, County Palatine of the Rhine, Franconia, de Burgovie, de Veldenz. During the last 10 years of Ludwig’s reign, he never held a court ball or inspected his troops. Oct 30, 2019 - Max II., König von Bayern - Maximilian II of Bavaria - Wikipedia It was the second kingdom, almost a thousand years after the short-lived Carolingian kingdom of Bavaria. In chief, gules, a cross argent. Nov 2, 2020 - Explore Allison White's board "Bavaria", followed by 209 people on Pinterest. While Sweden achieved several large scale military successes early on, and won the most battles, the Great Northern War eventually ended in Sweden's defeat and the end of the Swedish Empire. Family members spent time in several Nazi concentration camps including Oranienburg and Dachau. Rupprecht evaded arrest as he was in Italy. Unofficial Royalty Current Monarchies Websites, Georg Viktor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont. In 1685, the Simmern line died out, and the Catholic Philip William, Count Palatine of Neuburg inherited the Palatinate (and also Duke of Jülich and Berg). His 1st wife was Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria (1878-1912) (from the Ducal Wittelsbach line). In the end, neither Luitpold nor his son Ludwig actively pursued a claim to the Greek throne inherited from Otto, and the throne of Bavaria itself disappeared in 1918, leaving the future of the claim to be decided by a further arrangement that never occurred.. These put a large strain on the Bavarian finances, even though Ludwig received money from the Welfenfonds (money Bismarck expropriated from the Hanover Royal family). As the Bavarian Royal family follows Salic law the succession will pass to the descendants of Rupprecht’s brother Franz (1875-1957). Sophie will one day inherit the Jacobite rights after her uncle and father die. During the reign of Johann Wilhelm (1690–1716) the Electoral residence moved to Düsseldorf in Berg. But were they victims—or enablers of the Nazis? Almost a decade after her death Rupprecht married (1921) her 1st cousin Princess Antonia of Luxembourg (1899-1954). The House of Wittelsbach (German: Haus Wittelsbach) is a German-Bavarian dynasty, with branches that rule, or have ruled over territories including: Bavaria, Holland, Zeeland, Cologne, Sweden, Romania, Bohemia, Hungary, Denmark, Norway, Greece and the Holy Roman Empire. On 18 May 1949, when Franz was 15, his grandfather Crown Prince Rupprecht recognised the marriage of Franz's parents as dynastic , and Franz became a prince of Bavaria. Jülich and Berg fell to the Wittelsbach Count Palatine Wolfgang William of Neuburg. The dynasty also had some links to the British Monarchy. Or, an eagle sable, membered, beaked and langued gules, inescutcheon fusilly in bend azure and argent. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. , Quarterly a cross paty argent, fimbriated gules, cantonned 1 and 4, azure three bars wavy argent, overall a lion crowned or, which is Sweden ancien, 2 and 3 fusilly bendwise argent and azure, which is Bavaria. , Quarterly of eight, two rows of four, 1 fusilly bendwise azure and argent (Bavaria), 2 or, a lion sable, armed and langued gules (Juliers), 3 gules, an escutcheon argent surmounted by an escarbuncle with rays or (Cleves), 4 argent, a lion gules, queue fourchée in saltire, armed, langued and crowned or (Berg), 5 argent, a lion azure armed, langued and crowned or (Veldenz), 6 or, a fess chequy argent and gules of three rows (de la Marck), 7 argent, three chevrons gules (Ravensberg), 8 argent, a fess sable. The Royal Family also plays an important role in recognising and supporting the work of the Armed Services. Although it was included in the catalogue, the Wittelsbach diamond failed to reach its reserve price, and was most probably sold privately at some point after the Second Word War. Duke Franz's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son. I don't envy Royal Family, says heir to German throne. Today the connection of these two developments is regarded as a main cause for the unspectacular end of the Bavarian kingdom without opposition in the course of the November revolution of 1918. Throughout his reign, Otto faced political challenges concerning Greece's financial weakness and the role of the government in the affairs of the Church. In building the satellite church of the same name, stone from the original castle chapel was used. In the imperial election a few days later Charles III Philip voted for his Bavarian cousin Prince-Elector Charles Albert. (Most nobles joined the Nazi party and would only later in the war start agitating for the overthrow of the Nazis.) See more ideas about Bavaria, German royal family, Royal family. From 1583 to 1761, the Bavarian branch of the dynasty provided the Prince-electors and Archbishops of Cologne and many other Bishops of the Holy Roman Empire, namely Liège (1581–1763). However, on William's death in 1417, a war of succession broke out between John and William's daughter Jacqueline of Hainaut. The Wittelsbachs ruled in Bavaria from 1180-1918, and a younger brother in Greece from 1832-1862. Children from his 1st marriage include his heir Ludwig I (1786-1868), and Charlotte (1792-1873) who was married to King William I of Wurttemberg and later married to Emperor Francis I of Austria who died in 1835. Ludwig’s son and heir Maximilian I (1811-1864) married Princess Marie of Prussia and became the parents of 2 Kings of Bavaria. Under the terms of the succession law, a Wittelsbach claim to the throne would have passed on Otto's death in 1867 to his younger brother Luitpold, who was regent of Bavaria from 1886 to 1912; and after him to Ludwig who became king Ludwig III of Bavaria in 1913. Sweden reached its largest territorial extent under the rule of Charles X after the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658. Wittelsbach princes served for example as Bishops of Regensburg, Freising, Liège, Münster, Hildesheim, Paderborn and Osnabrück, and as Grand Masters of the Teutonic Order. Rupprecht was married twice and was the father of 11 children. Today half a million people a year marvel at the Munich Residenz. The youngest Otto (1848-1916) never truly ruled in his own right due to his own mental incapacity and had an uncle and cousin rule as regents. Maximilian was married twice. Overall, Bavaria. Overall, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules (County palatine of the Rhine). He was also a patron of the arts like his father. To strengthen the union of all lines of the Wittelsbach dynasty Charles Philip organized a wedding on 17 January 1742 when his granddaughters were married to Charles Theodore of Palatinate-Sulzbach and to the Bavarian prince Clement. They are the parents of 3 sons, of whom Ludwig (born 1982) is the oldest. It is interesting to note that the Pope also issued a decree to dissolve the marriage. The House of Windsor, the reigning royal house of the British throne, are descendants of Sophia of Hanover, a Wittelsbach Princess and Electress of Hanover.. As a result, there was an assassination attempt on the Queen and finally, in 1862, Otto was deposed while in the countryside. The Wittelsbach Conrad of Scheyern-Dachau, a great-grandson of Otto I, Count of Scheyern became Duke of Merania in 1153 and was succeeded by his son Conrad II. The late Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria (1869-1955) strongly discouraged supporters in the United Kingdom from making claims on his behalf. Emperor Louis IV had reunited Bavaria in 1340 but from 1349 onwards Bavaria was split among the descendants of Louis IV, who created the branches Bavaria-Landshut, Bavaria-Straubing, Bavaria-Ingolstadt and Bavaria-Munich. By the late 18th century Wittelsbach rule was split to the Palatinate (on the French border) and Bavaria. Treasure chamber in the Munich Residenz . Today famously remembered as the dynasty which gave Empress Elisabeth (1837-1898) to the Austrians; and mad King Ludwig with his many castles including Neuschwanstein Castle. He was placed under the ban of the Empire and his lands, titles and electoral dignity were confiscated and given to his Roman Catholic cousin, the Duke of Bavaria, who takes: Quarterly 1 and 4 fusilly in bend, azure and argent, 2 and 3 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules, overall gules, an orb crucifer or. She weighed only 5 and a half stone. She also inherited an estate in Hungary and in Moravia (today Czech Republic) from her father. She vowed never to go to Germany again and died 9 years later in Switzerland. The country has strict laws that forbid citizens and the Thai press from insulting and reporting on embarrassing details about the family. The main Bavarian Wittelsbach line died out previously. Before and during the Second World War, the Wittelsbachs were anti-Nazi. 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